Australia made up for lost time at the Fifa World Cup “Germany 2006” and qualified for the Round of 16 before narrowly falling to eventual champions Italy. Buoyed by his strong club season, Bresciano played in Australia’s opening game of the 2006 FIFA World Cup, being substituted before the team went on to score three goals and defeat Japan. He came on as a substitute in the second game against Brazil and, in the third Group Stage game, was instrumental in the 79th-minute goal scored by Harry Kewell against Croatia. The goal resulted in a 2–2 draw, a result securing Australia’s place in the second round. Against Italy, Bresciano was judged to be in a scoring position in the 50th minute when fouled by Marco Materazzi, the Italian receiving a red card. Italy went on to win after being awarded a penalty in the dying minutes of the game, eliminating the “Socceroos.” After being identified as a key player for Australia, Bresciano’s overall performance at the tournament failed to live up to expectations, described by an FFA writer as “solid without being spectacular,” although his role as a set-piece-specialist was highlighted.